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How to Take CBD

This article assumes that you, the reader, are already familiar with CBD. If not, please first read our page Cannabidiol: The Ultimate Guide to CBD, which lists four main ways of taking CBD.

Although this is not breaking news, we are frequently asked about what is the best way to take CBD, so we decided to publish this article that goes into a little more detail.

This article pulls a great deal of research from Nordic Oil’s wiki page, “How to Use CBD“.

What’s the most effective method of using CBD?

There is no rule on how to take CBD.

Although studies show that vaping is the most efficient way of quickly spreading CBD to the entire body, some people may not feel comfortable with that method. After vaping, oils are commonly understood as the second most effective choice followed by capsules, suppositories, topical creams and gum. However, forming a choice depends on three factors. One, as mentioned, your preferences for intake. Two, on what pain, discomfort or mood you are trying to treat. For example, if you are trying to treat Psoriasis, a benign but highly unpleasant skin disorder, then a cream is the best choice. Another example, a person suffering from Arthritis may prefer to use a cream on the joints to ease the pain. Three, what level of dosage you want and how long you need the effects to last (check out our other article “What You Need to Generally Know About CBD Dosage“). For example, some CBD users prefer edibles because the effects tend to last longer than with using other methods.

It’s also worth noting that you are not limited to using one method! Some people prefer to use one method in the morning and use another method in the evening. For example, some people may prefer to take an edible in the morning and vape at home in the evening.

So all that being said, products come in the form of e-liquids, oils, capsules, suppositories, creams, gum as well as crystals and CBD Isolate for cooking edibles or making your own vape juices, all of which fit into the following four methods…

To review: The four main ways of taking CBD

Inhalation

By inhaling CBD E-Liquids with a vaporizer, CBD enters your lungs and diffuses directly into your bloodstream rather than first entering your liver. It works fast! And, another result of bypassing your liver, nearly four times as much CBD enters your circulation. Essentially, this means you can achieve the same beneficial effects with a much smaller amount of CBD than if you were to take edibles, creams, etc.

If you want to vaporize CBD you can either purchase an E-Liquid or DIY your own juice. You can also vaporize or smoke cannabis plant that contains high levels of CBD, however this method is limited to the local laws in the country you live in.

How long does it take vaporizable CBD oil to work? / How long does it last?

Inhalation shows effects almost immediately and you can simply stop vaping as soon as you feel its effects are strong enough. Within about 30 min, you’re at the greatest peak and the effects will last about 1-4 hours depending on how much you take.

Sublingual (and with food…)

To achieve the best possible effect, we suggest applying the drops directly under the tongue. However, abstain from drinking or eating for at least fifteen minutes after application. If you prefer, the concentrate can be mixed with other foods or liquids for consumption. To learn more about what foods are best, read our other article Taking CBD Oil with Food.

How does it taste?

Flavored or unflavored? Good or bad? It depends on your personal preference. CBD oil tends to taste earthy and bitter. If you like the taste of cannabis, you will probably like the taste of CBD oil. However, there are many options with added flavors if the natural flavor is not your thing.

How long does it take tinctures to work? / How long does it last?

As mentioned earlier, the sublingual method of taking CBD oil is the second most effective method. You will feel the effects of the CBD within approximately 30 – 60 minutes and the peak effects will be felt in 1-2 hours. It should last anywhere from 1-4 hours. Some people take this method 3 times a day or once every 4 hours.

Edibles

Edibles with CBD may come in the form of food, candies, chocolates or chewing gum.

How Long Does It Take Edible CBD To Work? / How Long Does It Last?

This method lasts the longest but it takes longer to kick in because your body has to metabolize the CBD. With this method, it may take anywhere from 1 – 2 hours to feel the full effects.

Note: It’s advisable to be careful when taking edibles containing THC. This is because when THC is consumed it gets converted to a stronger compound, unlike CBD. When consuming edibles with CBD you have the freedom to be more flexible and the strongest side effect is that you may experience is fatigue. It’s highly unlikely to cause anxiety or any other uncomfortable side effects like you may experience in eating THC.

Topical

CBD skin products come in ointments, salves, and lotions. Topical creams are not psychoactive and are typically used to treat pain, inflammatory skin rashes, and bacterial skin infections. Cannabinoids are thought to work well on the skin because of their potent anti-inflammatory properties. Both CB1 and CB2 receptors have been found throughout the skin and the endocannabinoid system is thought to play an important role in the immune response of our skin.

What can CBD creams be used for?

  • Pain relief (arthritis pain, muscle, joint)
  • Joint swelling
  • Inflammatory skin conditions
  • Acne
  • Psoriasis
  • Eczema
  • Rash
  • Bacterial infections such as MRSA
  • Skin Cancer
  • Neck and back pain
  • Nerve pain

As exampled earlier, CBD can be applied topically for all skin conditions, from acne to eczema, and even for joint pain. CBD is a potent anti-inflammatory agent as well as has antioxidant properties. So, for conditions like a rash, or really anything on the skin that is being caused by inflammation or the overproduction of free radicals, CBD can greatly help. CBD not only works well with skin conditions but also it can be used topically to relieve pain. For arthritis, back pain, or sore muscles we recommend using a CBD cream in the area. It works especially well on the knees, elbows, and hands. Studies have shown that CBD can also be used to treat skin cancer. These studies have shown that when CBD is applied to the skin, it diminishes the growth and spread of cancer cells. The hemp plant also has anti-bacterial properties that have the potential to fight against MRSA (MRSA is a nasty bacterial infection responsible that is difficult to battle due to its resistance to many antibiotics.)

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Everything You Should Know About Dosages for Vaping CBD

Vaping is the most efficient method, quickly spreading CBD throughout the whole body (not to mention vamping is convenient and easy for daily use). However, there is no “one size fits all” easy answer as to how much CBD you should inhale.

CBD oil is almost everywhere these days: consumers are adding CBD to their tea, swallowing capsules, applying creams; more and more CBD shops are popping up around the world. Other than the fact that vaping is the best method for maximizing the effects of CBD, there are two more reasons for its increasing popularity. One, since vaping, unlike smoking, allows you to intake CBD without causing inconvenience to other people, it is becoming increasingly common to see. (Note “to see” and not “to smell”, for CBD has little noticeable smell.) Two, CBD is also suitable for non-smokers, as it is nicotine-free, so many have turned to vaping to avoid other addictions such as Nicotine and even alcohol. Due to the rise in popularity of vaping CBD, we decided to publish this article to help answer the seemingly complicated question of dosage. Before doing so, we will review what CBD is, how to vape it and elaborate more on the benefits of vaping.

First of all…
Do you know what CBD is?
Before understanding dosage, it’s important to familiarize yourself with CBD. We recommend reading our Cannabidiol: The Ultimate Guide to CBD, which explains in further detail:

  • Cannabidiol, abbreviated as CBD, is one of the cannabinoids contained in the cannabis sativa (Marijuana) plant.
  • CBD is entirely legal and safe, for it does not have psychoactive effects like Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), its sister to Cannabis sativa.
  • CBD is an adaptogenic substance, which such substances are used in herbal medicine for the claimed stabilization of physiological processes and promotion of homeostasis.
  • It is important to understand the relationship between the nervous system and the endocannabinoid system. In this article, we will touch briefly on this…
  • CBD has been extensively researched for its positive effects on many of the systems of the body, not just the nervous system: the hormone system, cardiovascular system, exocrine system, gastrointestinal system and respiratory system. Thus, CBD is a versatile remedy for various physical pains and discomforts as well as moods from Fibromyalgia, Multiple Sclerosis, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Heart Disease, Arthritis, Crohn’s Disease, Hepatitis, Psoriasis, Eczema, acne, depression, PTSD, anxiety, ADD/ADHD, migraines, Diabetes, improving appetite, Menopause, maternity, Asthma, nicotine withdrawal, Autism, Glaucoma, Osteoporosis, Parkinson’s, progression of Alzheimer’s, Epilepsy, symptoms from cancer treatment, and much more.

First time vaping?
How do you vape CBD?
To vape CBD, you require CBD e-liquid and a vaporizer or vape pen that is capable of heating and transforming said liquid into vapor.

You can make your own e-liquid or you can easily buy “pre-made” e-liquids. We have a whole article on this! Check out Why Buying “Pre-Made” CBD E-Liquids is Better than DIY with CBD Isolate.

For your first time purchasing a vape, we recommend visiting your local vape shop. There you can try different vaporizers within your price range and explain to the clerk that you are mostly interested in using it for CBD e-liquids.

Note: Your shop might already sell CBD e-liquid, but we strongly recommend checking out online shops to make sure you are getting a “full spectrum” CBD liquid, extracted from the gentle CO2 process. In other words, we find a lot of cheap CBD e-liquids in stories and online that have untrustworthy CBD concentrate or their content is below 1% as well as products contain other unnecessary ingredients. (In the article mentioned above, we recommend Nordic Oil products, which range from 1-5% “full spectrum” CBD and whose only other ingredients are Propylene glycol and Vegetable Glycerin.

Vaporizers are special handheld devices that are used to, again, heat the CBD oil until it transforms into vapor to be inhaled. With most vaporizers, it’s pretty obvious as to how to insert the e-liquid. And most vaporizers come with cartridges, so the only other thing you need to do to in order to prep is simply charge the device. (If your vape pen doesn’t come with a cartridge, there is no need to worry. You can easily buy the cartridge once it is empty.)
A Little More on the Benefits of Vaping CBD

As mentioned, CBD enters your lungs and diffuses directly into your bloodstream rather than first entering your liver. Thus, it rapidly supports your endocannabinoid system, which is involved in regulating pain, the immune system, sleep, appetite and much more. The body produces endocannabinoids that bind to cannabinoid receptors in your nervous system. CB1 receptors are located in the nervous system (connective tissues, gonads, glands and organs) but there are also CB2 receptors in the immune system (spleen, heart, kidneys, bones, blood vessels, lymph cells, endocrine glands and reproductive organs). (Researchers today suspect that there may even be a third cannabinoid receptor which has yet to be discovered!) In other words, the endocannabinoid system regulates many bodily functions. The peculiarity of the cannabinoid receptors is their location. To explain, your nervous system is built of transmitters and receptors, i.e. first and secondary cells. So, normally, receptors are located at the secondary cell to forward the signal on. However, oddly, the cannabinoid receptors are located on the former, i.e. the transmitter cell. This means that CBD is not directly responsible for the forwarding of the signal, but the transmitter cell retrograde, that is, returns information in a retrograde manner. Cannabinoids thus provide feedback to the transmitter cell. The messengers of the endocannabinoid system are therefore referred to as retrograde neurotransmitters or neuromodulators. So although CBD has little direct binding affinity for CB1 and CB2 receptors, it can influence the actual information transfered, also modulating several non-cannabinoid receptors and ion channels. Essentially, CBD works alongside the CB1 and CB2 receptors, supporting your whole endocannabinoid system, such as by enhancing or inhibiting the binding action of certain G-protein coupled receptors. For example, Jose Alexandre Crippa and his colleagues at the University of San Paulo in Brazil and King’s College in London have found that CBD directly activates the 5-HT1A (hydroxytryptamine) serotonin receptor, thereby conferring an anti-anxiety effect. Another example, CBD binds to TRPV1 receptors, which also function as ion channels, TRPV1 being known for mediating pain perception, inflammation and body temperature.

As compared to other means for taking CBD, vaping enables the interaction of CBD molecules within record time and, as mentioned before, it is nearly four times stronger since it bypasses the liver.

Finally, CBD Vape Dosages

The many CBD oil brands make it difficult to determine the right starting dosage since they are using different standards. We tend to lean on the standards of Nordic Oil, a very reliable CBD brand in Europe.

Note: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for determining the recommended daily dosage of supplements but they are yet to do so with CBD.

When beginning CBD, it is best to start with a small dose. It is very important to become familiar with how your body responds to CBD before increasing the dose. We always advise our customers that every person is different and everyone’s reaction to CBD is different. On an average, 25mg of CBD a day is effective for most people. The dosage of CBD can be increased slowly until the symptoms improve. If a higher dosage is ultimately desired, consider a product with a higher CBD content.

Note: It is important you know that CBD is not a toxic oil. Your body can, therefore, tolerate it at an incredibly high dosage of 1500 mg daily, which we do not recommend. To ensure you get an accurate CBD vape dosage every day, you could buy a disposable cartridge that comes with standard CBD content and then track the number of puffs you take.

Nordic Oil has put together a simple dosage guide which follows the dosage guide spelled out in a book titled CBD: A Patient’s Guide To Medical Cannabis by Leonard Leinow and Juliana Birnbaum. Leonard Leinow founded Synergy Wellness, a not-for-profit medical cannabis collective in Northern California and has three decades of experience growing and studying medical cannabis. They are specialists in CBD pioneers in this aspect of the industry. Juliana Birnbaum has lived and worked around the world and founded Voices in Solidarity, an initiative that partnered with tribal leaders from the Brazilian Amazon to support the development of a community-led environmental education center.

This book is an excellent resource for those new to CBD and its medicinal properties. The book is full of information about CBD from the history of its use, dosing, studies on its use for a variety of illnesses/conditions, and much more.

Based on the guideline in the book, we recommend the step-up approach were you gradually increase the dose until the most desired results are reached. The term used in the book is “Titration.” This is a term borrowed from chemistry that means taking small steps over time in order to allow for adjustment slowly. By using this method, you’re tailoring the amount of the oil to fit your needs. Every person is different and everyone’s reaction to CBD is different.

As there is a wide range of dosing possibilities, the authors have identified three dose ranges that can be useful for different conditions:

There are a number of factors that need to be taken into consideration when finding the perfect dosage of CBD for you. Some of the factors that play an important part in your experience using CBD are:

  • Your medical condition or problem
  • How intense your problem is
  • Metabolism!!!
  • How you respond to CBD
  • Body Weight
  • Sensitivity to cannabis
  • Your personal body chemistry (this includes any other medications you may be taking)

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Why Buying “Pre-Made” CBD E-Liquids is Better than DIY with CBD Isolate

Although this isn’t breaking news, we are frequently asked about how to make CBD vape juice, thus leading us to publishing this article. While we discuss how to DIY your own vape juice with CBD isolate, we still strongly recommend instead purchasing “pre-made” E-Liquids from reliable shops.

This article assumes that you, the reader, are already somewhat familiar with CBD and with vaping, but if you are a “first timer” for both, then we strongly recommend first reading “Everything You Should Know About Dosages for Vaping CBD“.

As you probably know, vaping is the most efficient method, quickly spreading CBD throughout the whole body (not to mention vamping is convenient and easy for daily use). By inhaling CBD E-Liquids with a vaporizer, CBD enters your lungs and diffuses directly into your bloodstream rather than first entering your liver. As a result, nearly four times as much CBD enters your circulation. Essentially, this means you can achieve the same beneficial effects with a much smaller amount of CBD than if you were to take edibles, creams, etc.

As you prepare CBD vape juice, using CBD Isolate (fine white powder containing 99% pure CBD) gives you complete control over the concentration of CBD.

However, Nordic Oil offers “pre-made” E-Liquids, which are not only a simpler option but, due to their “full-spectrum” of natural cannabinoids, they promise stronger effects. Again, this article is no new news as we refer to a study conducted back in 2015, but Nordic Oil’s line of e-liquids has recently expanded!

To Review: Benefits of Vaping CBD

As mentioned, CBD enters your lungs and diffuses directly into your bloodstream rather than first entering your liver. Thus, it rapidly supports your endocannabinoid system, which is involved in regulating pain, the immune system, sleep, appetite and much more. To review our Cannabidiol: The Ultimate Guide to CBD, it’s important to understand the relationship between the nervous system and the endocannabinoid system. The body produces endocannabinoids that bind to cannabinoid receptors in your nervous system. CB1 receptors are located in the nervous system (connective tissues, gonads, glands and organs) but there are also CB2 receptors in the immune system (spleen, heart, kidneys, bones, blood vessels, lymph cells, endocrine glands and reproductive organs), which is why scientists are, for instance, fascinated with the benefits of CBD for inhibiting the growth of tumors. (Researchers today suspect that there may even be a third cannabinoid receptor which has yet to be discovered!) In other words, the endocannabinoid system regulates many bodily functions. The peculiarity of the cannabinoid receptors is their location. To explain, your nervous system is built of transmitters and receptors, i.e. first and secondary cells. So, normally, receptors are located at the secondary cell to forward the signal on. However, oddly, the cannabinoid receptors are located on the former, i.e. the transmitter cell. This means that CBD is not directly responsible for the forwarding of the signal, but the transmitter cell retrograde, that is, returns information in a retrograde manner. Cannabinoids thus provide feedback to the transmitter cell. The messengers of the endocannabinoid system are therefore referred to as retrograde neurotransmitters or neuromodulators. So although CBD has little direct binding affinity for CB1 and CB2 receptors, it can influence the actual information transferred, also modulating several non-cannabinoid receptors and ion channels. Essentially, CBD works alongside the CB1 and CB2 receptors, supporting your whole endocannabinoid system, such as by enhancing or inhibiting the binding action of certain G-protein coupled receptors. For example, Jose Alexandre Crippa and his colleagues at the University of San Paulo in Brazil and King’s College in London have found that CBD directly activates the 5-HT1A (hydroxytryptamine) serotonin receptor, thereby conferring an anti-anxiety effect. Another example, CBD binds to TRPV1 receptors, which also function as ion channels, TRPV1 being known for mediating pain perception, inflammation and body temperature.

As compared to other means for in-taking CBD, vaping enables the interaction of CBD molecules with the CB receptors within record time and, as mentioned before, it is nearly four times stronger since it bypasses the liver.

Making Vaping Juice with CBD Isolate

The process of making your vaping juice with CBD isolate is fairly simple, so long as you can find a convenient supplier for CBD isolate (pure and crystalline form). Cannabidoil 360 has a very helpful breakdown for making CBD vape juice that, outside of the CBD isolate, further requires:

  • Flavoring of Your Choice (Optional)
  • Vegetable Glycerin (VG)
  • Propylene Glycol (PG)
  • Glass Dropper Bottle or Plastic Unicorn Tip Bottle
  • Blunt Tip Syringes
  • Latex Gloves to Protect Your Hands
  • Digital Scale

Their instructions demonstrate how to make a 15mL bottle with a 60/40 (VG/PG) ratio.

  • Step 1: Decide how much CBD vape juice you would like to make, typically, DIYers opt for a 15mL, 30mL, or 60mL bottle depending on the quantity of ingredients.
  • Step 2: Weigh out your desired amount of CBD using your digital scale, skip to the next step if you are using the full gram.
  • Step 3: Using a syringe, measure out 9mL’s of vegetable glycerin (VG) and 6mL’s of propylene glycol (PG).
  • Step 4: Combine the VG and PG into your 15mL bottle
  • Step 5: Add the CBD Isolate crystals to your PG and VG mixture. (If you want exact measurements for lower dosages, we recommend using a scale to weigh out the precise amount of CBD to produce your desired potency.)
  • Step 6: In order to get the CBD crystals to absorb into the vape juice, you need to shake the bottle every couple of minutes, for a minimum of 30 minutes. Once the crystals are absorbed your vape juice is ready to go!

Regarding Step 5, determining the exact measurement of CBD Isolate Crystal… As mentioned in our Cannabidiol: The Ultimate Guide to CBD, every person is different and everyone’s reaction to CBD is different. On an average, 25mg of CBD a day is effective for most people. The dosage of CBD can be increased slowly until the symptoms improve. And, again, since the effects of vaping CBD are four times stronger than any other means of intake, it is even more important that you start with modest dosages, such as 1% or 3% CBD content. To learn more, check out our article “Everything You Should Know About CBD Vape Dosage“.

An Easier Way of Procuring CBD E-liquids

If you’re feeling overwhelmed in making your own CBD E-liquid, we offer not only a much easier, faster solution but a healthier one. First of all, Nordic Oil offers three types of pre-made E-Liquids ranging from 16,95€–46,95€ depending on the CBD concentration: 1%, 3% and 5% CBD. (Unfortunately Cannabidoil 360 recommends Wellicy for buying CBD isolate, but they are based in Colorado, United States.) Second of all, Nordic Oil’s E-liquids contain the full-spectrum natural cannabinoids, which, as you will see from the next section, have much stronger benefits than CBD Isolate.

What is better? Making Vaping Juice from CBD Isolate or “pre-made” CBD E-Liquids?

CBD E-Liquids!

Nordic Oil’s line of E-Liquids contain the full range of natural cannabinoids. They follow the normal extraction process of CBD: a gentle CO₂ extraction process where the valuable cannabinoids and terpenes of the hemp plant (cannabis sativa) are preserved, thus resulting in a full spectrum of natural cannabinoids. (Their certified hemp plants are organically grown and therefore GMO-free, meaning they are free of chemical fertilizers and growth hormones. In addition, they are gluten free and do not contain any artificial preservatives or dyes.)

As suggested, full spectrum CBD is not made in the same way as CBD Isolate. Cannabidoil 360 also has a very useful article titled “What is the Difference of Full Spectrum CBD and Isolate?” and explains their extraction process:

On the other hand, CBD Isolate is produced by separating CBD from other cannabis compounds found within the source plant such as the psychoactive cannabinoid THC.

The extraction process of Isolate is different than for Full Spectrum. Specifically, once the hemp oil is extracted from the whole plant, the oil is then cooled until crystals begin to form. The produced crystals are then processed into powder form. After processing, the isolate (powder) contains a molecular compound of nothing but CBD.

The CBD Isolate can then be used in varying forms of herbal treatment such as in an edible, topical, oil, or concentrate.

They conclude,

At first, it was thought that CBD isolates provided the most potency and concentration, but research has recently discovered the opposite to be true.

Researchers in 2015 found that full spectrum CBD offers higher levels of pain relief than that of CBD isolate. This is because CBD Isolate results in a “bell curve” of effectiveness.

Meaning that CBD Isolate declines in effectiveness over time, while Full Spectrum CBD continuously provided noticeable pain relief over time. Not to mention that when the dosage of Full Spectrum CBD increased so did pain relief, unlike CBD Isolate that is only as effective as its dosage.

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Nordic Oil Launches New Line of Products: How Can CBD Benefit Your Pet?

While CBD is increasingly popular among us human beings for managing and reducing pain, discomfort as well as mood, now pets are also being treated with CBD! Nordic Oil has launched a new line of CBD products specific to pets including oils and supplement tablets for cats and dogs. (Products for horses are coming soon!) Before you approach your veterinarian, we recommend catching up on some important facts!

This article assumes that you, the reader, are already familiar with CBD. If not, please first read our page Cannabidiol: The Ultimate Guide to CBD, which lists four main ways of taking CBD.

Why Administer CBD to Your Pet

as oppose to other drugs

There are a number of properties in CBD supplements that pets can benefit from.

A generally strong endocannabinoid system is vital in treating any ailment. CBD, acting as an adptogen, modulates the endocannabinoid system, stabilizing the physiological processes and promoting homeostasis. Cats and dogs have well developed endocannabinoid systems just like humans. To review our Cannabidiol: The Ultimate Guide to CBD, it’s important to understand the relationship between the nervous system and the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system is involved in regulating pain, immune system, sleep, appetite and much more. So in other words, the body produces endocannabinoids that bind to cannabinoid receptors in your nervous system. CB1 receptors are located in the nervous system (connective tissues, gonads, glands and organs) but there are also CB2 receptors in the immune system (spleen, heart, kidneys, bones, blood vessels, lymph cells, endocrine glands and reproductive organs), which is why scientists are, for instance, fascinated with the benefits of CBD for inhibiting the growth of tumors. (Researchers today suspect that there may even be a third cannabinoid receptor which has yet to be discovered!) In other words, the endocannabinoid system regulates many bodily functions. The peculiarity of the cannabinoid receptors is their location. To explain, your nervous system is built of transmitters and receptors, i.e. first and secondary cells. So, normally, receptors are located at the secondary cell to forward the signal on. However, oddly, the cannabinoid receptors are located on the former, i.e. the transmitter cell. This means that CBD is not directly responsible for the forwarding of the signal, but the transmitter cell retrograde, that is, returns information in a retrograde manner. Cannabinoids thus provide feedback to the transmitter cell. The messengers of the endocannabinoid system are therefore referred to as retrograde neurotransmitters or neuromodulators. So although CBD has little direct binding affinity for CB1 and CB2 receptors, it can influence the actual information transferred, also modulating several non-cannabinoid receptors and ion channels. Essentially, CBD works alongside the CB1 and CB2 receptors, supporting your whole endocannabinoid system, such as by enhancing or inhibiting the binding action of certain G-protein coupled receptors. For example, Jose Alexandre Crippa and his colleagues at the University of San Paulo in Brazil and King’s College in London have found that CBD directly activates the 5-HT1A (hydroxytryptamine) serotonin receptor, thereby conferring an anti-anxiety effect. Another example, CBD binds to TRPV1 receptors, which also function as ion channels, TRPV1 being known for mediating pain perception, inflammation and body temperature.

CBD is also a rich source of Omega fatty acids, amino acids, vitamins, terpenes and chlorophyll. This could help to fulfill the nutritional gaps of your pet’s diet.

Remember that CBD is completely safe. It does not have psychoactive effects like THC, its sister to the Cannabis plant. It is non-toxic. At Nordic Oil, all of their oils come from certified hemp plants, organically grown, and therefore GMO-free – meaning they are free of chemical fertilizers and growth hormones – plus they are gluten free and do not contain any artificial preservatives or dyes. Therefore, research and reviews praise CBD as a healthy choice for animals.

What is The Dosage Of CBD Oil For Dogs?

With the variety of online sources available, often claiming different methods/approaches, it may be stressful in figuring out the right dosage of CBD for your dog or cat. For trusty resources, we recommend our own website; Medical Marijuana, Inc., a subsidiary of Phyto Animal Health, which has introduced pet-friendly CBD products; as well as Nordic Oil, which clearly states the following:

Regarding dosages of CBD: We always advice to start with a small dose. It is very important to become familiar with how your pet responds to CBD before increasing the dose, which should be done gradually until symptoms improve.

Regarding Oils for Cats and Dogs: For adult cats, we recommend starting with 1-2 drops, which can be given 2-3 times a day. For kittens, 1 drop can be given 1-2 times a day. For adult dogs, we recommend starting with 2-3 drops per 10 kg body weight, which can be given 2-3 times a day. For puppies, 1-2 drops can be given 1-2 times a day. The concentrates can be mixed with other foods or liquids for consumption. We recommend fatty foods such as cheese.

Regarding Supplement Tablets for Cats and Cogs: For adult cats, we recommend starting with 1-2 tablets per day. For kittens, 1 tablet can be administered per day. For adult dogs, we recommend starting with 2 to a maximum of 6 tablets per 10 kg body weight per day. For puppies, 2-3 tablets can be administered per day.

Similarly, on the Phyto Animal Health website, recommends a daily dosage of 01-0.5 milligram split into two servings for each kilogram of your dog’s body weight. Hence if you are dog weighs 4.5 kilograms, the recommended usage would be two servings ranging from 0.45 to 2.25 milligrams per day of CBD. However, you and your veterinarian are more fit to determine the right dosage for your pet dog. You might be surprised how well your dog respond with a lower dosage, for instance. (Phyto Animal Health offers a 1 oz. bottle of 100 mg of CBD and a 2 oz. bottle of 500 mg of CBD.)

Note: Serving Sizes Vis-à-vis FDA Recommended Dosages

When it comes to dietary supplements for pets, they are regulated by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration). This is as per the stipulations and requirements of the Federal Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act. FDA classifies all supplement as feed supplements. However, the FDA has not come out with any recommended daily dosage or service size for CBD concerning pets.

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Quick Hits

Some recent highlights and curiosities from the amazing world of cannabis science and therapeutics:

  • CBD and autism. In his first article of the new year, Raphael Mechoulam and other Israeli scientists look at the “real life experiences of medical cannabis treatment in autism.” Published in Nature, the study found that just under a third of patients report significant improvements and over half report moderate improvements while using CBD-rich oil derived from cannabis (30% CBD, 1-2% THC). The improvements include decreased aggression and agitation, fewer seizures, and better sleep, appetite and ability to concentrate. Around 10-20% of patients stopped taking various medications (mostly antipsychotic and antiepileptic drugs) within 6 months of starting cannabis treatment. One quarter of people experienced some negative side effects like sedation or restlessness, but none were severe. And about one in 5 stopped treatment because it wasn’t effective. Even though there remains a lot to be discovered about how and why CBD can improve the lives of people with autism, it is clear that cannabis can be used safely by this population and should be studied further.
  • Cannabis and ADHD. A study in Molecular Psychiatry with tens of thousands of people found an association between ADHD and cannabis use. Their data suggests that ADHD causes later cannabis use, which may support the notion that THC is used to self medicate (although ADHD is associated with heavier use of many drugs). Previous research has found that THC may be effective for some cases that do not respond well to Ritalin.
  • Self medicating for endometriosis. Endometriosis is a poorly-understood condition causing severe chronic pain and alterations in a woman’s menstrual cycle. As an understudied disease, treatment is limited. Scientists surveyed over 400 Australian women to see what actions they took to treat their pelvic pain. Cannabis, heat, CBD oil, and dietary changes were rated most effective by women, in that order. Unfortunately, more women used alcohol than cannabis to manage symptoms; self-medicating with alcohol promotes chronic inflammation and led to worsening pain and fatigue in over half of such women. This underscores the importance of not treating cannabis like alcohol in the ongoing saga of legalization. (Note: endometriosis is diagnosed with an invasive surgical procedure, and so many women who likely have endometriosis go undiagnosed. The group that responded to this survey had a confirmed diagnosis.)
  • Concussions and alcoholism. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) leads to numerous problems, including alcoholism and suicide. New findings indicate that endocannabinoids aid TBI recovery: When researchers boosted 2-AG levels shortly after injury, rats displayed less anxiety and less interest in alcohol. This is significant since alcoholism is a serious comorbidity of brain injury. The researchers link the protective effect of 2-AG to changes in glutamate transmission in the central amygdala, the part of the brain that processes traumatic and fearful memories. Other preclinical research has demonstrated that endocannabinoids can play a protective role after traumatic brain injuries, like concussion, by ameliorating glutamatergic toxicity.

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